Journal Articles

For access to articles please click on the [pdf]


Morcatty, T.Q., Feddema, K., Nekaris, K.A.I., Nijman, V. 2020. Online trade in wildlife and the lack of response to COVID-19. Environmental Research

Leupen, B.T., Gomez, L., Shepherd, C.R., Nekaris, K.A.I., Imron, M.A. Nijman, V., 2020. Thirty years of trade data suggests population declines in a once common songbird in Indonesia. European Journal of Wildlife Research 66: 1-11.

Tavares AS, Mayor P, Loureiro LF, Gilmore MP, Perez-Peña P, Bowler M, Lemos LP, Svensson MS, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Valsecchi J 2020. Widespread use of traditional techniques by local people for hunting the yellow-footed tortoise (Chelonoidis denticulatus) across the Amazon. Journal of Ethnobiology 40: 268-280 [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Leupen BT, Siriwat P, Nijman V 2020. International wildlife trade, avian influenza, organised crime and the effectiveness of CITES: The Chinese hwamei as a case study. Global Ecology and Conservation 23: a01185 [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Gomez L, Nijman V 2020. Illegal wildlife trade, seizures and prosecutions: a 7.5-year analysis of trade in pig-nosed turtles Carettochelys insculpta in and from Indonesia. Global Ecology and Conservation e01249 [pdf]

Atoussi S, Bergin D, Razkallah I, Nijman V, Bara M, Bouslama Z, Houhamdi M 2020. The trade in the endangered African Grey Parrot Psittacus erithacus and the Timneh Parrot Psittacus timneh in Algeria. Ostrich 1-7 [pdf]

Morcatty T, Macedo JCB, Nekaris KAI, Ni Q, Durigan C, Svensson MS, Nijman V 2020. Illegal trade in wild cats and its link to Chinese‐led development in Central and South America. Conservation Biology [pdf]

El Bizri HR, Morcatty TQ, Ferreira JC, Mayor P, Neto CFV, Valsecchi J, Nijman V, Fa JE 2020. Social and biological correlates of wild meat consumption and trade by rural communities in the Jutaí River basin, central Amazonia. Journal of Ethnobiology 40:183-201 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2020. Wildlife trade shifts from brick-and-mortar markets to virtual marketplaces: A case study of birds of prey trade in Thailand. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity [pdf]

Nijman V 2020. Illegal trade in Indonesia’s National Rare Animal has moved online. Oryx 5412-13 [pdf]


El Bizri HR, Morcatty TQ, Valsecchi J, Mayor P, Ribeiro JE, Vasconcelos Neto CF, Oliveira JS, Furtado KM, Ferreira UC, Miranda CF, Silva CH, Nijman V, Fa J 2019. Urban wild meat consumption and trade in central Amazonia. Conservation Biology [pdf]

Bergin D, Nijman V, Atoussi S 2019. Concerns about trade in wild finches in Algeria. Oryx 53410-411 [pdf]

Nijman V 2019. Souvenirs, shells, and the illegal wildlife trade. Journal of Ethnobiology 39: 282-296 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V 2019. The role of the anthropogenic Allee effect in the exotic pet trade on Facebook in Thailand. Journal for Nature Conservation 51: 125726 [pdf]

Bergin D, Nijman V 2019. An assessment of welfare conditions in wildlife markets across Morocco. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 22: 279-288 [pdf]

Nijman V, Morcatty T, Smith JH, Atoussi S, Shepherd CR, Siriwat P, Nekaris KAI, Bergin D 2019. Illegal wildlife trade–surveying open animal markets and online platforms to understand the poaching of wild cats. Biodiversity 201-4 [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Imron MA 2019. Asian songbird crisis also affects unprotected species. Oryx 5313-13 [pdf]

Nijman V, Ardiansyah A, Bergin D, Birot H, Brown E, Langgeng A, Morcatty T, Spaan D, Siriwat P, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2019. Dynamics of illegal wildlife trade in Indonesian markets over two decades, illustrated by trade in Sunda Leopard Cats. Biodiversity 2027-40 [pdf]

Nijman V 2019. Wildlife trade, CITES and the protection of marine molluscs in Indonesia. Molluscan Research xx: 1-10 [pdf]


Leupen B, Krishnasamy KA, Shepherd CR, Chng SC, Bergin DA, Eaton JA, Yukin DA, Koh S, Miller AD, Nekaris A, Nijman V 2018. Trade in white-rumped shamas Kittacincla malabarica demands strong national and international responses. Forktail 34: 1-8 [pdf]

Nijman V, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2018. Trade in Tokay geckos for medicine on Java. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 6: 36-40 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2018. Illegal pet trade on social media as an emerging impediment to the conservation of Asian otters species. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 11469-475 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2018. Online media seizure reports: A tool to monitor CITES implementation in regulating the international rosewood trade. Forest Policy and Economics 97: 67-72 [pdf]

Estrada A, Garber PA, Mittermeier RA, Wich S, Gouveia S, Dobrovolski R, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Rylands AB, Maisels F, Williamson EA 2018. Primates in peril: the significance of Brazil, Madagascar, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo for global primate conservation. PeerJ, 6e4869 [pdf]

Nijman V, Langgeng A, Birot H, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2018. Wildlife trade, captive breeding and the imminent extinction of a songbird. Global Ecology and Conservation 15e00425 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2018. Using online media-sourced seizure data to assess the illegal wildlife trade in Siamese rosewood. Environmental Conservation 45: 352-360. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Gray TN, Nijman V 2018. Rhinoceros horns in trade on the Myanmar–China border. Oryx 52: 393-395. [pdf]


Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2017. The Harry Potter effect: The rise in trade of owls as pets in Java and Bali, Indonesia. Global Ecology and Conservation 11: 84-94. [pdf]

Gray TN, Marx N, Khem V, Lague D, Nijman V, Gauntlett S 2017. Holistic management of live animals confiscated from illegal wildlife trade. Journal of Applied Ecology 54: 726-730. [pdf]

Estrada A, Garber PA, Rylands AB, Roos C, Fernandez-Duque E, Di Fiore A, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Heymann EW, Lambert JE, Rovero F, et al. 2017. Impending extinction crisis of the world’s primates: Why primates matter. Science Advances 3(1), p.e1600946. [pdf] Supplementary Online Material [pdf]

Zhang M, Gouveia A, Qin T, Quan R, Nijman V 2017. Illegal pangolin trade in northernmost Myanmar and its links to India and China. Global Ecology and Conservation 10: 23-31. [pdf]

Nijman V 2017. North Africa as a source for European eel following the 2010 EU CITES eel trade ban. Marine Policy 85: 133-137. [pdf]

Nijman V 2017. Orangutan trade, confiscations, and lack of prosecutions in Indonesia. American Journal of Primatology, 79(11): e22652. [pdf]

Nijman V, Spaan D, Rode‐Margono EJ, Nekaris KAI 2017. Changes in the primate trade in Indonesian wildlife markets over a 25 year period: Fewer apes and langurs, more macaques and slow lorises. American Journal of Primatology 79(11), e22517. [pdf]

Nijman V, Htun Oo, Nay Myo Shwe 2017. Assessing the illegal bear trade in Myanmar through conversations with poachers: Topology, perceptions, and trade links to China. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 22: 172-182. [pdf]

Nijman V, Bergin D 2017. Reptiles traded in markets for medicinal purposes in contemporary Morocco. Contributions to Zoology 86: 39-50. [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2017. Ethnozoological assessment of animals used by Mon traditional medicine vendors at Kyaiktiyo, Myanmar. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 206: 101-106.

Nijman V, Bergin D 2017. Trade in spur-thighed tortoises Testudo graeca in Morocco: volumes, value and variation between markets. Amphibia-Reptilia 38275-287. [pdf]

Nijman V, Sari SL, Siriwat P, Siguad M, Nekaris KAI 2017. Records of four Critically Endangered songbirds in the markets of Java suggest domestic trade is a major impediment to their conservation. Birding Asia 27: 20-25. [pdf]


Nijman V, Zhang MX, Shepherd CR 2016. Pangolin trade in the Mong La wildlife market and the role of Myanmar in the smuggling of pangolins into China. Global Ecology and Conservation 5: 118-126. [pdf]

Auliya M, Altherr S, Ariano-Sanchez D, Baard EH, Brown C, Brown RM, Cantu JC, Gentile G, Gildenhuys P, Henningheim E Hintzmann J, Nilson G, Götaland RV, Nguyen T, Nijman V, Somaweera R, et al. 2016. Trade in live reptiles, its impact on wild populations, and the role of the European market. Biological Conservation 204: 103-119. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Nijman V, Krishnasamy K, Eaton JA, Chng, SC 2016. Illegal trade pushing the Critically Endangered black-winged myna Acridotheres melanopterus towards imminent extinction. Bird Conservation International 26: 147-153. [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2016. Provide context when reporting on the use of protected and endangered wildlife in ethnopharmacological surveys. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 194: 577-579.

Svensson MS, Ingram DJ, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V 2016. Trade and ethnozoological use of African lorisiformes in the last 20 years. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy 26: 153-161. [pdf]

Svensson MS, Shanee S, Shanee N, Bannister FB, Cervera L, Donati G, Huck M, Jerusalinsky L, Juarez CP, Maldonado AM, Mollinedo JM, et al. 2016. Disappearing in the night: An overview on trade and legislation of night monkeys in South and Central America. Folia Primatologica 87: 332-348. [pdf]

Bergin D, Nijman V 2016. Potential benefits of impending Moroccan wildlife trade laws, a case study in carnivore skins. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 199-201. [pdf]

Kumar B, Nijman V 2016. Medicinal uses and trade of Madras Hedgehogs Paraechinus nudiventris in Tamil Nadu, India. TRAFFIC Bulletin 28: 7-10. [pdf]

Nijman V, Lee PB 2016. Trade in nautilus and other large marine molluscs as ornaments and decorations in Bali, Indonesia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 64: 368-373. [pdf]

Nijman V 2016. Perceptions of Sundanese men towards the consumption of water monitor lizard meat in West Java, Indonesia. Biawak 10: 22-25. [pdf]


Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Trade in tigers and other wild cats in Mong La and Tachilek, Myanmar – A tale of two border towns. Biological Conservation 182: 1-7.

Nijman V, Spaan D, Nekaris KAI 2015. Large-scale trade in legally protected marine mollusc shells from Java and Bali, Indonesia. PloS One 10(12): e0140593.

Nijman V 2015. CITES-listings, EU eel trade bans and the increase of export of tropical eels out of Indonesia. Marine Policy 58, 36-41.

Nijman V 2015. Targeted shark fisheries, DNA barcoding and regulating shark fin trade in Indonesia. Fisheries Research 168: 33-34.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Analysis of a decade of trade of tortoises and freshwater turtles in Bangkok, Thailand. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 309-318.

Lee PB, Nijman V 2015. Trade in dugong parts in Southern Bali. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 95: 1717-1721.

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Das N, Zhang, M 2015. Slow loris arm key-rings. Oryx 49: 391.

Bergin D, Gray M, Nijman V 2015. Marrakesh: a centre for tortoise trade. Oryx 49: 201-206. [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. Water monitor lizards for sale as novelty food in Java, Indonesia. Biawak 9: 28-32.

Nijman V 2015. Decades-long open trade in protected marine turtles along Java’s south coast. Marine Turtle Newsletter 144: 10-xx.

Nijman V 2015. Newly described golden-crowned langurs Presbytis johnaspinalli are most likely partially bleached ebony langurs Trachypithecus auratus. International Zoo News 62: 403-406.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Trade of ‘captive-bred’ birds from the Solomon Islands: a closer look at the global trade in hornbills. Malayan Naturalist Journal 67: 260-266.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Ongoing trade in illegally-sourced tortoises and freshwater turtles highlights the need for legal reform in Thailand. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 61: 3-6.

Nijman V, Bergin D 2015. Trade in hedgehogs (Mammalia: Erinaceidae) in Morocco, with an overview of their trade for medicinal purposes throughout Africa and Eurasia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7: 7131-7137.

Nijman V 2015. Pangolins trade gauged from seizure data reported in Indonesian media. TRAFFIC Bulletin 27: 14-18

Nijman V 2015. Water monitor lizards for sale as novelty food in Java, Indonesia. Biawak 9: 28-32.


Challender DWS, Wu SB, Nijman V, MacMillan DC 2014. Changing behavior to tackle the wildlife trade. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12(4): 203 [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2014. Emergence of Mong La on the Myanmar-China border as a global hub for the international trade in ivory and elephant parts. Biological Conservation 179: 17-22. [pdf]

Meijaard E, Nijman V 2014. Secrecy considerations for conserving Lazarus species. Biological Conservation 175: 21-24

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2014. Analysis of a decade of trade of tortoises and freshwater turtles in Bangkok, Thailand. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 309-318.

Nijman V 2014. Fact or fiction. Be prudent and accurate when attaching monetary value to threatened wildlife (a comment to Douglas and Alie (2014)). Biological Conservation 179, 148-149. [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2014. Traditions, taboos and trade in slow lorises in Sundanese communities in southern Java, Indonesia. Endangered Species Research 25: 79-88.

Nijman V, Spaan D, Rode-Margono EJ, Roberts P, Wirdateti, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in common palm civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus in Javan and Balinese markets, Indonesia. Small Carnivore Conservation 51: 11-17.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in Bengal slow lorises in Mong La, Myanmar, on the China border. Primate Conservation 28: 139-142.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2014. Social media and the ivory ban: Myanmar and China cross-border trade. Pachyderm 55: 97-99.

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in wildlife in Bali, Indonesia, for medicinal and decorative purposes. TRAFFIC Bulletin 26: 31-36.

Bergin D, Nijman V 2014. Open, unregulated trade in wildlife in Morocco’s markets. TRAFFIC Bulletin 26: 65-32. [pdf]

Healy A, Nijman V 2014. Pets and pests: vervet monkey intake at a specialist South African rehabilitation centre. Animal Welfare 23: 353-360.

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in wildlife in Bali, Indonesia, for medicinal and decorative purposes. TRAFFIC Bulletin 26: 31-36.

Bersacola E, Svensson MS, Bearder SK, Mills M, Nijman V 2014 Hunted in Angola: surveying the bushmeat trade. Swara (Jan-Mar): 31-36.

Shepherd CR, Nijman V 2014. Otters in the Mong La wildlife market, with a first record of hairy-nosed otter Lutra sumatrana in trade in Myanmar. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 31: 31-33.

Svensson MS, Bersacola E, Bearder SK, Nijman V, Mills M 2014. Open sale of elephant ivory in Luanda, Angola. Oryx 48: 13-14.

2013 and older.

Nekaris KAI, Campbell N, Coggins TG, Rode EJ, Nijman V 2013. Tickled to Death: Analysing public perceptions of ‘cute’ videos of threatened species (slow lorises–Nycticebus spp.) on Web 2.0 sites. PLoS One, 8(7), e69215

Nijman V, Shepherd CR. 2012. The role of Lao PDR in the ivory trade. TRAFFIC Bulletin 24: 35-40.

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Bickford DP 2012. Small species at risk from Asian medicine. Nature 481: 263.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR, Mumpuni, Sanders K. 2012. Over-exploitation and illegal trade of reptiles in Indonesia. Herpetological Journal 22: 83-89.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2011. The role of Thailand in the international trade in live CITES-listed reptiles and amphibians. PLoS One 6(3): e17825.

Bickford D, Phelps J, Webb EL, Nijman V, Sodhi NS 2011. Boosting CITES through research – response. Science 331: 857-858.

Phelps J, Webb EL, Bickford D, Nijman V, Sodhi NS 2010. Boosting CITES. Science 330: 1752-1753.

Nekaris KAI, Starr CR, Shepherd CR, Nijman V 2010. Revealing culturally-specific patterns in wildlife trade via an ethnoprimatological approach: a case study of slender and slow lorises (Loris and Nycticebus) in South and Southeast Asia. American Journal of Primatology 72: 877-886.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR. 2010. The role of Asia in the global trade in CITES II-listed poison arrow frogs: hopping from Kazakhstan to Lebanon to Thailand and beyond. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 1963-1970.

Nijman V. 2010. An overview of the international wildlife trade from Southeast Asia. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 1101-1114

Shepherd CR, Nijman, V. 2008. Trade in bear parts from Myanmar: an illustration of the in-effectiveness of enforcement of international wildlife trade regulations. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 35-42.