Journal Articles

For access to articles please click on the [pdf]


Leupen BT, Shepherd L, Shepherd CR, Damianou E, Nijman V 2022. Market surveys in Mataram, Lombok, illustrate the expanse of legal and illegal Indonesian bird trade networks. Indonesian Journal of Applied Environmental Studies 3: 42-52.

Nijman V 2022. Harvest quotas, free markets and the sustainable trade in pythons. Nature Conservation

Gnanaolivu S, Campera M, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Satish R, Babu S, Singh M 2022. Medicine, black magic and supernatural beings: cultural rituals as a significant threat to slender lorises in India. People and Nature

Vigne L, Nijman V 2022. Elephant ivory, rhino horn, pangolin and helmeted hornbill products for sale at the Myanmar-Thailand-China border. Environmental Conservation

Nijman V 2022. Analysis of trade in endemic Javan hill partridges over the last quarter of a century period. Avian Biology Research

Nijman V 2022. Online trade threatens even the least conspicuous wildlife. Oryx 56: 332-333 [pdf].

Nijman V, Morcatty TQ, Feddema K, Campera M, Nekaris KAI 2022. Disentangling the legal and illegal wildlife trade–Insights from Indonesian wildlife market surveys. Animals 12: 628 [pdf]

Bruslund S, Leupen B, Shepherd CR, Nelson SS 2022. Online trade as a serious additional threat to the Critically Endangered silvery pigeon Columba argentina in Indonesia. Nature Conservation 46: 41-48 [pdf]

Hansen MF, Gill M, Briefer EF, Nielsen DR, Nijman V 2022. Monetary value of live trade in a commonly traded primate, the long-tailed macaque, based on global trade statistics. Frontiers in Conservation Science[pdf]

Nijman V, Ardiansyah A, Langgeng A, Hendrik R, Hedger K, Foreman G, Morcatty TQ, Siriwat P, van Balen SB, Eaton JA,  Shepherd CR, Gomez L, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2022. Illegal wildlife trade in traditional markets, on Instagram and Facebook: Raptors as a case study. Birds 3: 99-116. [pdf]

Svensson MS, Morcatty TQ, Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2022. The next exotic pet to go viral-Is social media causing an increase in the demand of owning bushbabies as pets? Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy. [pdf]

Nijman V, Stein F 2022. Meta-analyses of molecular seafood studies identify the global distribution of legal and illegal trade in CITES-regulated European eels. Current Research in Food Science 5: 191-195 [pdf]

Nijman V, Siriwat P, Shepherd CR 2022. Inaccuracies in the reporting of volume and monetary value of large-scale rosewood seizures. Forest Policy and Economics 134102626. [pdf]

Heinrich S, Shepherd CR, Sy EY 2022. Using CITES Appendix III to protect native species found in international trade: the case of the Philippines. Philippine Journal of Science 151127-137. [pdf]


Nijman V 2021. Illegal and legal wildlife trade spreads zoonotic diseases. Trends in Parasitology 37: 359-360. [pdf]

Heinrich S, Leupen BT, Bruslund S, Owen A, Shepherd CR 2021. A case for better international protection of the Sumatran Laughingthrush (Garrulax bicolor). Global Ecology and Conservation 25: 01414. [pdf]

Gomez L, Shepherd CR 2021. The illegal exploitation of the Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas) and Sunda clouded leopard (Neofelis diardi) in Indonesia. Nature Conservation 43: 25. [pdf]

Gomez L, Wright B, Shepherd CR, Joseph T 2021. An analysis of the illegal bear trade in India. Global Ecology and Conservation 27: 01552. [pdf]

Juergens J, Bruslund S, Staerk J, Nielsen RO, Shepherd CR, Leupen B, Krishnasamy K, Chng SCL, Jackson J, da Silva R, Bagott A 2021. A standardized dataset for conservation prioritization of songbirds to support CITES. Data in Brief 36: 107093. [pdf]

Cassey P, Gomez L, Heinrich S, Garcia Diaz P, Stone S, Shepherd CR 2021. Bearing all down under: The role of Australasian countries in the illegal bear trade. Pacific Conservation Biology. [pdf] 

Gomez L 2021. The illegal hunting and exploitation of porcupines for meat and medicine in Indonesia. Nature Conservation 43: 109. [pdf]

Cardoso P, Amponsah-Mensah K, Barreiros JP, Bouhuys J, Cheung H, Davies A, Kumschick S, Longhorn SJ, Martínez-Muñoz CA, Morcatty TQ, Peters G 2021. Scientists’ warning to humanity on illegal or unsustainable wildlife trade. Biological Conservation 263:109341. [pdf]

Fukushima CS, Tricorache P, Toomes A, Stringham OC, Rivera-Téllez E, Ripple WJ, Peters G, Orenstein RI, Morcatty TQ, Longhorn SJ, Lee C 2021 Challenges and perspectives on tackling illegal or unsustainable wildlife trade. Biological Conservation 263:109342. [pdf]

D’Cruze N, Galarza FER, Broche O, El Bizri HR, Megson S, Elwin A, Machado FC, Norrey J, Coulthard E, Megson, D 2021 Characterizing trade at the largest wildlife market of Amazonian Peru. Global Ecology and Conservation 28: e01631 [pdf].

Chaves WA, Valle D, Tavares AS, Morcatty TQ, Wilcove DS 2021. Impacts of rural to urban migration, urbanization, and generational change on consumption of wild animals in the Amazon. Conservation Biology 35: 1186-1197. [pdf]

Mayor P, El Bizri HR, Morcatty TQ, Moya K, Bendayán N, Solis S, Vasconcelos Neto CF, Kirkland M, Arevalo O, Fang TG, Pérez‐Peña PE 2021. Wild meat trade over the last 45 years in the Peruvian Amazon. Conservation Biology. [pdf]

Lemos LP, Loureiro LF, Morcatty TQ, Fa JE, de Vasconcelos Neto CFA, de Souza Jesus A, da Silva VC, de Oliveira Ramalho ML, de Matos Mendes A, Valsecchi J, El Bizri HR 2021. Social correlates of and reasons for primate meat consumption in Central Amazonia. International Journal of Primatology 42: 499-521. [pdf]

Ingram DJ, Coad L, Milner-Gulland EJ, Parry L, Wilkie D, Bakarr MI, Benítez-López A, Bennett EL, Bodmer R, Cowlishaw G, Bizri HRE, et al.  2021. Wild meat is still on the menu: Progress in wild meat research, policy, and practice from 2002 to 2020. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 46. [pdf]

Naidoo R, Bergin D, Vertefeuille J 2021. Socio-demographic correlates of wildlife consumption during early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 1-6. [pdf]

Thomas EM, Nekaris KAI, Imron MA, Cassey P, Shepherd CR, Nijman V 2021. Shifts of trade in Javan ferret badgers Melogale orientalis from wildlife markets to online platforms: implications for conservation policy, human health, and monitoring. Endangered Species Research 46: 67-78. [pdf]

La Laina DZ, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Morcatty TQ 2021. Illegal online pet trade in venomous snakes and the occurrence of snakebites in Brazil. Toxicon 193: 48-54. [pdf]

Stein FM, Frankowski J, Nijman V, Absil C, Kranendonk I, Dekker W 2021. Chinese eel products in EU markets imply the effectiveness of trade regulations but expose fraudulent labelling. Marine Policy 132: 104651. [pdf]

Edwards DP, D’Cruze N, Altherr S, Hughes A, Janssen J, Nijman V, Pasachnik SA, Scheffers BR, Shepherd CR, Sy E, Auliya M 2021. The dangers of misrepresenting wildlife trade: response to Natusch et al. 2021. Conservation Biology 35: 1692-1694. [pdf]

Feddema K, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Harrigan P 2021. Re-evaluating the notion of value in wildlife trade research from a service marketing perspective. Biological Conservation256: a109060. [pdf]

Nijman V, Campera M, Imron MA, Ardiansyah A, Langgeng A, Dewi T, Hedger K, Hendrik R, Nekaris, KAI 2021. The role of the songbird trade as an Anthropogenic vector in the spread of invasive non-native mynas in Indonesia. Life 11(8): a814. [pdf]

Hansen MF, Gill M, Nawangsari VA, Sanchez KL, Cheyne SM, Nijman V, Fuentes A 2021. Conservation of long-tailed macaques: Implications of the updated IUCN status and the Covid-19 pandemic. Primate Conservation35: 1-11. [pdf]

Nijman V, Campera M, Ardiansyah A, Balestri M, El Bizri HR, Budiadi B, Dewi T, Hedger K, Hendrik R., Imron MA, Langgeng A, Nekaris KAI 2021. Large-scale trade in a songbird that is extinct in the wild. Diversity13(6): a238. [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2021. Underestimating the illegal wildlife trade: A ton or a tonne of pangolins? Biological Conservation 253: a108887. [pdf]

Nijman V 2021. Zoos consenting to the illegal wildlife trade–the earless monitor lizard as a case study. Nature Conservation44: a69. [pdf]

Svensson MS, Morcatty TQ, Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2021. Shedding light on the trade in nocturnal galagos. Primate Conservation 35. [pdf]

Nijman V, Ardiansyah A, Hendrik R, Langgeng A, Manson S, Hedger K, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2021. Trade in a small-range songbird, the Javan crocias, gives insight into the Asian Songbird Crisis. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 14: 154-158. [pdf]

Stein FM, Nijman V 2021. Potential increase in illegal trade in European eels following Brexit. Oryx 55: 329. [pdf]

Louadj A, Razkallah I, Atoussi S, Nijman V, Bara M, Houhamdi M, Bouslama Z 2021 European goldfinches Carduelis carduelis as pets in Algeria: numbers and social dimension of a conservation issue. Bird Conservation International, xx: 1-9. [pdf]

Morcatty, T.Q., Feddema, K., Nekaris, K.A.I., Nijman, V. 2021. Online trade in wildlife and the lack of response to COVID-19. Environmental Research 193: 110439. [pdf]


Leupen, B.T., Gomez, L., Shepherd, C.R., Nekaris, K.A.I., Imron, M.A. Nijman, V., 2020. Thirty years of trade data suggests population declines in a once common songbird in Indonesia. European Journal of Wildlife Research 66: 1-11. [pdf]

Gomez L, Shepherd CR, Khoo MS 2020. Illegal trade of sun bear parts in the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak. Endangered Species Research 41: 279-287. [pdf]

Indraswari K, Friedman RS, Noske R, Shepherd CR, Biggs D, Susilawati C, Wilson C 2020. It’s in the news: Characterising Indonesia’s wild bird trade network from media-reported seizure incidents. Biological Conservation 243: 108431. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Kufnerová J, Cajthaml T, Frouzová J, Gomez L 2020. Bear trade in the Czech Republic: an analysis of legal and illegal international trade from 2005 to 2020. European Journal of Wildlife Research 66: 1-10. [pdf]

Guynup S, Shepherd CR, Shepherd L 2020. The true costs of wildlife trafficking. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs 21: 28-37. [pdf]

Heinrich S, Toomes A, Gomez L 2020. Valuable stones: The trade in porcupine bezoars. Global Ecology and Conservation 24: a01204. [pdf]

Atoussi S, Bergin D, Razkallah I, Nijman V, Bara M, Bouslama Z, Houhamdi M 2020. The trade in the endangered African grey parrot Psittacus erithacus and the Timneh parrot Psittacus timneh in Algeria. Ostrich 91: 214-220. [pdf]

Tavares AS, Mayor P, Loureiro LF, Gilmore MP, Perez-Peña P, Bowler M, Lemos LP, Svensson MS, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Valsecchi J 2020. Widespread use of traditional techniques by local people for hunting the yellow-footed tortoise (Chelonoidis denticulatus) across the Amazon. Journal of Ethnobiology 40: 268-280 [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Leupen BT, Siriwat P, Nijman V 2020. International wildlife trade, avian influenza, organised crime and the effectiveness of CITES: The Chinese hwamei as a case study. Global Ecology and Conservation 23: a01185 [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Gomez L, Nijman V 2020. Illegal wildlife trade, seizures and prosecutions: a 7.5-year analysis of trade in pig-nosed turtles Carettochelys insculpta in and from Indonesia. Global Ecology and Conservation e01249 [pdf]

Morcatty T, Macedo JCB, Nekaris KAI, Ni Q, Durigan C, Svensson MS, Nijman V 2020. Illegal trade in wild cats and its link to Chinese‐led development in Central and South America. Conservation Biology 34: 1525–1535 [pdf]

El Bizri HR, Morcatty TQ, Ferreira JC, Mayor P, Neto CFV, Valsecchi J, Nijman V, Fa JE 2020. Social and biological correlates of wild meat consumption and trade by rural communities in the Jutaí River basin, central Amazonia. Journal of Ethnobiology 40: 183-201 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2020. Wildlife trade shifts from brick-and-mortar markets to virtual marketplaces: A case study of birds of prey trade in Thailand. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity [pdf]

Nijman V 2020. Illegal trade in Indonesia’s National Rare Animal has moved online. Oryx 5412-13 [pdf]

El Bizri HR, Morcatty TQ, Valsecchi J, Mayor P, Ribeiro JE, Vasconcelos Neto CF, Oliveira JS, Furtado KM, Ferreira UC, Miranda CF, Silva CH, Nijman V, Fa J 2020. Urban wild meat consumption and trade in central Amazonia. Conservation Biology 34: 438–448 [pdf]


Bergin D, Nijman V, Atoussi S 2019. Concerns about trade in wild finches in Algeria. Oryx 53410-411 [pdf]

Nijman V 2019. Souvenirs, shells, and the illegal wildlife trade. Journal of Ethnobiology 39: 282-296 [pdf]

Challender DW, ‘t Sas-Rolfes, Ades GW, Chin JS, Sun NCM, lian Chong J, Connelly E, Hywood L, Luz S, Mohapatra RK, De Ornellas P, Parker, K, Shepherd CR, Thomson P, Nash HC 2019. Evaluating the feasibility of pangolin farming and its potential conservation impact. Global Ecology and Conservation 20: 00714 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V 2019. The role of the anthropogenic Allee effect in the exotic pet trade on Facebook in Thailand. Journal for Nature Conservation 51: 125726 [pdf]

Bergin D, Nijman V 2019. An assessment of welfare conditions in wildlife markets across Morocco. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science 22: 279-288 [pdf]

Nijman V, Morcatty T, Smith JH, Atoussi S, Shepherd CR, Siriwat P, Nekaris KAI, Bergin D 2019. Illegal wildlife trade–surveying open animal markets and online platforms to understand the poaching of wild cats. Biodiversity 201-4 [pdf]

Gomez L, Shepherd CR 2019. Bearly on the radar–an analysis of seizures of bears in Indonesia. European Journal of Wildlife Research 65: 1-8. [pdf]

Heinrich S, Koehncke A, Shepherd CR 2019. The role of Germany in the illegal global pangolin trade. Global Ecology and Conservation 20: 00736. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Janssen J, Noseworthy J 2019. A case for listing the Union Island Gecko Gonatodes daudini in the Appendices of CITES. Global Ecology and Conservation 17: 00549. [pdf]

Janssen J, Shepherd CR 2019. Trade in endangered and critically endangered Japanese Herpetofauna endemic to the Nansei Islands warrants increased protection. Current Herpetology 38: 99-109. [pdf]

Gomez L, Shepherd CR 2019. Stronger international regulations and increased enforcement effort is needed to end the illegal trade in otters in Asia. IUCN Otter Specialists’ Group Bulletin 36: 71-76. [pdf]

Gomez L, Shepherd CR, Morgan J 2019. Improved legislation and stronger enforcement actions needed as the online otter trade in Indonesia continues. IUCN Otter Specialists’ Group Bulletin 36: 64-70. [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Imron MA 2019. Asian songbird crisis also affects unprotected species. Oryx 5313-13 [pdf]

Nijman V, Ardiansyah A, Bergin D, Birot H, Brown E, Langgeng A, Morcatty T, Spaan D, Siriwat P, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2019. Dynamics of illegal wildlife trade in Indonesian markets over two decades, illustrated by trade in Sunda Leopard Cats. Biodiversity 2027-40 [pdf]

Nijman V 2019. Wildlife trade, CITES and the protection of marine molluscs in Indonesia. Molluscan Research xx: 1-10 [pdf]

Mayor P, El Bizri HR, Morcatty TQ, Moya K, Solis S, Bodmer RE. Assessing the minimum sampling effort required to reliably monitor wild meat trade in urban markets. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 7:180. [pdf]


Leupen B, Krishnasamy KA, Shepherd CR, Chng SC, Bergin DA, Eaton JA, Yukin DA, Koh S, Miller AD, Nekaris A, Nijman V 2018. Trade in white-rumped shamas Kittacincla malabarica demands strong national and international responses. Forktail 34: 1-8 [pdf]

Nijman V, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2018. Trade in Tokay geckos for medicine on Java. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 6: 36-40 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2018. Illegal pet trade on social media as an emerging impediment to the conservation of Asian otters species. Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 11469-475 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2018. Online media seizure reports: A tool to monitor CITES implementation in regulating the international rosewood trade. Forest Policy and Economics 97: 67-72 [pdf]

Estrada A, Garber PA, Mittermeier RA, Wich S, Gouveia S, Dobrovolski R, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Rylands AB, Maisels F, Williamson EA 2018. Primates in peril: the significance of Brazil, Madagascar, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo for global primate conservation. PeerJ, 6e4869 [pdf]

Janssen J, Shepherd CR 2018. Challenges in documenting trade in non CITES-listed species: A case study on crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus spp.). Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity 11: 476-481.[pdf]

Chng SC, Shepherd CR, Eaton JA 2018. In the market for extinction: birds for sale at selected outlets in Sumatra. TRAFFIC Bulletin 30: 15-22.[pdf]

Krishnasamy K, Shepherd CR, Or OC 2018. Observations of illegal wildlife trade in Boten, a Chinese border town within a Specific Economic Zone in northern Lao PDR. Global Ecology and Conservation 14: 00390.[pdf]

Gomez L, Shepherd CR 2018. Trade in bears in Lao PDR with observations from market surveys and seizure data. Global Ecology and Conservation 15: 00415.[pdf]

Gomez L, Shepherd CR 2018. Smooth-coated otter Lutrogale perspicillata receives formal protection in Indonesia, but small-clawed otter Aonyx cinereus does not. IUCN Otter Specialists’ Group Bulletin 35: 128-130.[pdf]

Shepherd CR, Sy EY, Janssen J, Morgan J 2018. Protection from exploitation needed for the endemic Sulawesi bear cuscus Ailurops ursinus in Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 6: 30-35.[pdf]

Shepherd CR, Gomez L 2018. Trade and conservation efforts involving the Sumatran Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor in Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 6: 24-29.[pdf]

Leupen BT, Shepherd CR 2018. Observations of trade in spotted crocias Laniellus albonotatus in Java, Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 6: 41-42.[pdf]

Nijman V, Langgeng A, Birot H, Imron MA, Nekaris KAI 2018. Wildlife trade, captive breeding and the imminent extinction of a songbird. Global Ecology and Conservation 15e00425 [pdf]

Siriwat P, Nijman V 2018. Using online media-sourced seizure data to assess the illegal wildlife trade in Siamese rosewood. Environmental Conservation 45: 352-360. [pdf]

Bergin D, Atoussi S, Waters, S 2018 Online trade of Barbary macaques Macaca sylvanus in Algeria and Morocco. Biodiversity and Conservation 27: 531-534. [pdf]

Bergin D, Chng SC, Eaton JA, Shepherd CR 2018. The final straw? An overview of straw-headed bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus trade in Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 28: 126-132. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Gray TN, Nijman V 2018. Rhinoceros horns in trade on the Myanmar–China border. Oryx 52: 393-395. [pdf]


Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2017. The Harry Potter effect: The rise in trade of owls as pets in Java and Bali, Indonesia. Global Ecology and Conservation 11: 84-94. [pdf]

Gray TN, Marx N, Khem V, Lague D, Nijman V, Gauntlett S 2017. Holistic management of live animals confiscated from illegal wildlife trade. Journal of Applied Ecology 54: 726-730. [pdf]

Estrada A, Garber PA, Rylands AB, Roos C, Fernandez-Duque E, Di Fiore A, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V, Heymann EW, Lambert JE, Rovero F, et al. 2017. Impending extinction crisis of the world’s primates: Why primates matter. Science Advances 3(1), p.e1600946. [pdf] Supplementary Online Material [pdf]

Zhang M, Gouveia A, Qin T, Quan R, Nijman V 2017. Illegal pangolin trade in northernmost Myanmar and its links to India and China. Global Ecology and Conservation 10: 23-31. [pdf]

Nijman V 2017. North Africa as a source for European eel following the 2010 EU CITES eel trade ban. Marine Policy 85: 133-137. [pdf]

Poole CM, Shepherd CR 2017. Shades of grey: the legal trade in CITES-listed birds in Singapore, notably the globally threatened African grey parrot Psittacus erithacus. Oryx 51: 411-417. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Connelly E, Hywood L, Cassey P 2017. Taking a stand against illegal wildlife trade: the Zimbabwean approach to pangolin conservation. Oryx 51: 280-285. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Cassey P 2017. Songbird trade crisis in Southeast Asia leads to the formation of IUCN SSC Asian Songbird Trade Specialist Group. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 5: 3-5.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Sy EY 2017. First record of international trafficking of Critically Endangered long-beaked echidnas (Zaglossus sp.). Journal of Indonesian Natural History 5: 22-26. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Morgan J, Bouhuys J 2017. Observations of glossy ibis Plegadis falcinellus in trade in bird markets in Java, Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 5: 30-31. [pdf]

Nijman V 2017. Orangutan trade, confiscations, and lack of prosecutions in Indonesia. American Journal of Primatology, 79(11): e22652. [pdf]

Nijman V, Spaan D, Rode‐Margono EJ, Nekaris KAI 2017. Changes in the primate trade in Indonesian wildlife markets over a 25 year period: Fewer apes and langurs, more macaques and slow lorises. American Journal of Primatology 79(11), e22517. [pdf]

Nijman V, Htun Oo, Nay Myo Shwe 2017. Assessing the illegal bear trade in Myanmar through conversations with poachers: Topology, perceptions, and trade links to China. Human Dimensions of Wildlife 22: 172-182. [pdf]

Nijman V, Bergin D 2017. Reptiles traded in markets for medicinal purposes in contemporary Morocco. Contributions to Zoology 86: 39-50. [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2017. Ethnozoological assessment of animals used by Mon traditional medicine vendors at Kyaiktiyo, Myanmar. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 206: 101-106. [pdf1-s2.0-S0378874117304865-main-2]

Nijman V, Bergin D 2017. Trade in spur-thighed tortoises Testudo graeca in Morocco: volumes, value and variation between markets. Amphibia-Reptilia 38275-287. [pdf]

Nijman V, Sari SL, Siriwat P, Siguad M, Nekaris KAI 2017. Records of four Critically Endangered songbirds in the markets of Java suggest domestic trade is a major impediment to their conservation. Birding Asia 27: 20-25. [pdf]


Nijman V, Zhang MX, Shepherd CR 2016. Pangolin trade in the Mong La wildlife market and the role of Myanmar in the smuggling of pangolins into China. Global Ecology and Conservation 5: 118-126. [pdf]

Auliya M, Altherr S, Ariano-Sanchez D, Baard EH, Brown C, Brown RM, Cantu JC, Gentile G, Gildenhuys P, Henningheim E Hintzmann J, Nilson G, Götaland RV, Nguyen T, Nijman V, Somaweera R, et al. 2016. Trade in live reptiles, its impact on wild populations, and the role of the European market. Biological Conservation 204: 103-119. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Nijman V, Krishnasamy K, Eaton JA, Chng, SC 2016. Illegal trade pushing the Critically Endangered black-winged myna Acridotheres melanopterus towards imminent extinction. Bird Conservation International 26: 147-153. [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2016. Provide context when reporting on the use of protected and endangered wildlife in ethnopharmacological surveys. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 194: 577-579.

Heinrich S, Wittmann TA, Prowse TA, Ross JV, Delean S, Shepherd CR, Cassey P 2016. Where did all the pangolins go? International CITES trade in pangolin species. Global Ecology and Conservation 8: 241-253. [pdf]

Beastall C, Shepherd CR, Hadiprakarsa Y, Martyr D 2016. Trade in the helmeted hornbill Rhinoplax vigil: the ‘ivory hornbill’. Bird Conservation International 26: 137-146. [pdf]

Livingstone E, Shepherd CR 2016. Bear farms in Lao PDR expand illegally and fail to conserve wild bears. Oryx 50: 176-184. [pdf]

Rowley JJ, Shepherd CR, Stuart BL, Nguyen TQ, Hoang HD, Cutajar TP, Wogan GO, Phimmachak S 2016. Estimating the global trade in Southeast Asian newts. Biological Conservation 199: 96-100. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Eaton JA, Chng SC 2016. Nothing to laugh about–the ongoing illegal trade in laughingthrushes (Garrulax species) in the bird markets of Java, Indonesia. Bird Conservation International 26: 524-530. [pdf]

Lee JG, Shepherd CR 2016. Observations of blue-faced honeyeater (Entomyzon cyanotis) in trade in Javan bird markets. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 4: 40. [pdf]

Svensson MS, Ingram DJ, Nekaris KAI, Nijman V 2016. Trade and ethnozoological use of African lorisiformes in the last 20 years. Hystrix, the Italian Journal of Mammalogy 26: 153-161. [pdf]

Svensson MS, Shanee S, Shanee N, Bannister FB, Cervera L, Donati G, Huck M, Jerusalinsky L, Juarez CP, Maldonado AM, Mollinedo JM, et al. 2016. Disappearing in the night: An overview on trade and legislation of night monkeys in South and Central America. Folia Primatologica 87: 332-348. [pdf]

Bergin D, Nijman V 2016. Potential benefits of impending Moroccan wildlife trade laws, a case study in carnivore skins. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 199-201. [pdf]

Kumar B, Nijman V 2016. Medicinal uses and trade of Madras Hedgehogs Paraechinus nudiventris in Tamil Nadu, India. TRAFFIC Bulletin 28: 7-10. [pdf]

Nijman V, Lee PB 2016. Trade in nautilus and other large marine molluscs as ornaments and decorations in Bali, Indonesia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 64: 368-373. [pdf]

Nijman V 2016. Perceptions of Sundanese men towards the consumption of water monitor lizard meat in West Java, Indonesia. Biawak 10: 22-25. [pdf]


Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Trade in tigers and other wild cats in Mong La and Tachilek, Myanmar – A tale of two border towns. Biological Conservation 182: 1-7. [pdf]

Nijman V, Spaan D, Nekaris KAI 2015. Large-scale trade in legally protected marine mollusc shells from Java and Bali, Indonesia. PloS One 10(12): 0140593. [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. CITES-listings, EU eel trade bans and the increase of export of tropical eels out of Indonesia. Marine Policy 58, 36-41. [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. Targeted shark fisheries, DNA barcoding and regulating shark fin trade in Indonesia. Fisheries Research 168: 33-34. [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Analysis of a decade of trade of tortoises and freshwater turtles in Bangkok, Thailand. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 309-318. [pdf]

Lee PB, Nijman V 2015. Trade in dugong parts in Southern Bali. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 95: 1717-1721. [pdf]

Raghavan R, Luz S, Shepherd CR, Lewis R, Gibbons P, Goode E 2015. A case study of the ploughshare tortoise and the role zoos can play in conservation. Traffic Bulletin 27: 79. [pdf]

Capotosto J, Shepherd CR 2015. First Asian Songbird Trade Crisis Summit. TRAFFIC Bulletin 27: 47. [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Eaton JA, Chng SC 2015. Pittas for a pittance: observations on the little known illegal trade in Pittidae in west Indonesia. Birding Asia 24: 18-20. [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Das N, Zhang, M 2015. Slow loris arm key-rings. Oryx 49: 391. [pdf]

Bergin D, Gray M, Nijman V 2015. Marrakesh: a centre for tortoise trade. Oryx 49: 201-206. [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. Water monitor lizards for sale as novelty food in Java, Indonesia. Biawak 9: 28-32. [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. Decades-long open trade in protected marine turtles along Java’s south coast. Marine Turtle Newsletter 144: 10. [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. Newly described golden-crowned langurs Presbytis johnaspinalli are most likely partially bleached ebony langurs Trachypithecus auratus. International Zoo News 62: 403-406. [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Trade of ‘captive-bred’ birds from the Solomon Islands: a closer look at the global trade in hornbills. Malayan Naturalist Journal 67: 260-266. [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2015. Ongoing trade in illegally-sourced tortoises and freshwater turtles highlights the need for legal reform in Thailand. Natural History Bulletin of the Siam Society 61: 3-6. [pdf]

Nijman V, Bergin D 2015. Trade in hedgehogs (Mammalia: Erinaceidae) in Morocco, with an overview of their trade for medicinal purposes throughout Africa and Eurasia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7: 7131-7137. [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. Pangolins trade gauged from seizure data reported in Indonesian media. TRAFFIC Bulletin 27: 14-18.  [pdf]

Nijman V 2015. Water monitor lizards for sale as novelty food in Java, Indonesia. Biawak 9: 28-32. [pdf]

Morcatty TQ, Valsecchi J. 2015. Social, biological, and environmental drivers of the hunting and trade of the endangered yellow-footed tortoise in the Amazon. Ecology and Society 1:20. [pdf]


Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in babirusa skulls on Bali in 2013. Suiform Soundings 12: 34-36. [pdf]

Challender DWS, Wu SB, Nijman V, MacMillan DC 2014. Changing behavior to tackle the wildlife trade. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12(4): 203 [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2014. Emergence of Mong La on the Myanmar-China border as a global hub for the international trade in ivory and elephant parts. Biological Conservation 179: 17-22. [pdf]

Meijaard E, Nijman V 2014. Secrecy considerations for conserving Lazarus species. Biological Conservation 175: 21-24.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2014. Analysis of a decade of trade of tortoises and freshwater turtles in Bangkok, Thailand. Biodiversity and Conservation 24: 309-318.  [pdf]

Nijman V 2014. Fact or fiction. Be prudent and accurate when attaching monetary value to threatened wildlife (a comment to Douglas and Alie (2014)). Biological Conservation 179, 148-149. [pdf]

Krishnasamy K, Shepherd CR 2014. A review of the sun bear trade in Sarawak, Malaysia. TRAFFIC Bulletin 26: 37-40.  [pdf]

Phelps J, Shepherd CR, Reeve R, Niissalo MA, Webb EL 2014. No easy alternatives to conservation enforcement: Response to Challender and Macmillan. Conservation Letters 7: 495-496.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2014. Traditions, taboos and trade in slow lorises in Sundanese communities in southern Java, Indonesia. Endangered Species Research 25: 79-88.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Spaan D, Rode-Margono EJ, Roberts P, Wirdateti, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in common palm civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus in Javan and Balinese markets, Indonesia. Small Carnivore Conservation 51: 11-17.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in Bengal slow lorises in Mong La, Myanmar, on the China border. Primate Conservation 28: 139-142.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2014. Social media and the ivory ban: Myanmar and China cross-border trade. Pachyderm 55: 97-99.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI 2014. Trade in wildlife in Bali, Indonesia, for medicinal and decorative purposes. TRAFFIC Bulletin 26: 31-36.  [pdf]

Bergin D, Nijman V 2014. Open, unregulated trade in wildlife in Morocco’s markets. TRAFFIC Bulletin 26: 65-32. [pdf]

Healy A, Nijman V 2014. Pets and pests: vervet monkey intake at a specialist South African rehabilitation centre. Animal Welfare 23: 353-360.  [pdf]

Bersacola E, Svensson MS, Bearder SK, Mills M, Nijman V 2014 Hunted in Angola: surveying the bushmeat trade. Swara (Jan-Mar): 31-36.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Nijman V 2014. Otters in the Mong La wildlife market, with a first record of hairy-nosed otter Lutra sumatrana in trade in Myanmar. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 31: 31-33.  [pdf]

Svensson MS, Bersacola E, Bearder SK, Nijman V, Mills M 2014. Open sale of elephant ivory in Luanda, Angola. Oryx 48: 13-14.  [pdf]

Kawanishi, K., Rayan, D.M., Gumal, M.T. and Shepherd, C.R., 2014. Extinction process of the sambar in Peninsular Malaysia. DSG Newsletter26, pp.48-59.


Nekaris KAI, Campbell N, Coggins TG, Rode EJ, Nijman V 2013. Tickled to Death: Analysing public perceptions of ‘cute’ videos of threatened species (slow lorises–Nycticebus spp.) on Web 2.0 sites. PLoS One, 8(7), e69215.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Shepherd LA, Foley KE 2013. Straw-headed bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus: legal protection and enforcement action in Malaysia. Birding Asia 19: 92-94.  [pdf]

Lyons JA, Natusch DJD, Shepherd CR 2013. The harvest of freshwater turtles (Chelidae) from Papua, Indonesia, for the international pet trade. Oryx 47: 298-302.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Krishnasamy K 2013. Increased enforcement and reduced demand: tackling the illegal bear trade in Malaysia. International Bear News 22(3).  [pdf]

Webber L, Shepherd CR, Krishnasamy K 2013. Reduction in demand for ivory in Singapore, but transit trade vigilance needed. TRAFFIC Bulletin 25: 79.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Tansom P 2013. Seizure of live otters In Bangkok Airport, Thailand. IUCN Otter Specialists’ Group Bullertin 30: 37-38.  [pdf]

Schoppe S, Shepherd CR 2013. The Palawan forest turtle under threat from international trade. TRAFFIC Bulletin 25: 9-11.  [pdf]


Nijman V, Shepherd CR. 2012. The role of Lao PDR in the ivory trade. TRAFFIC Bulletin 24: 35-40.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Nijman V 2012. Medicinal trade in moles in Lao PDR. TRAFFIC Bulletin 24: 9

Nijman V, Nekaris KAI, Bickford DP 2012. Small species at risk from Asian medicine. Nature 481: 263.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR, Mumpuni, Sanders K. 2012. Over-exploitation and illegal trade of reptiles in Indonesia. Herpetological Journal 22: 83-89.  [pdf]

Shepherd, C.R., 2012. The owl trade in Jakarta, Indonesia: a spot check on the largest bird markets. Birding Asia18, pp.58-59.

Shepherd CR., 2012. Observations of small carnivores in Jakarta wildlife markets, Indonesia, with notes on trade in Javan Ferret Badger Melogale orientalis and on the increasing demand for Common Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus for civet coffee production Small Carnivore Conservation47, pp.38-41.


Nijman, V. and Shepherd, C.R., 2011. Open trade in Kaiser’s spotted newt in South-East Asia.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2011. The role of Thailand in the international trade in live CITES-listed reptiles and amphibians. PLoS One 6(3): e17825.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Belant JL, Breitenmoser-Wursten C, Duplaix N, Ambu LN, Wilting A 2011. Conservation challenges and opportunities for Borneo’s carnivores. TRAFFIC Bulletin 23: 89-91

Bickford D, Phelps J, Webb EL, Nijman V, Sodhi NS 2011. Boosting CITES through research – response. Science 331: 857-858.  [pdf]

2010 and older.

Shepherd, C.R. and Shepherd, L., 2010. The poaching and trade of Malayan sun bears in Peninsular Malaysia. Traffic Bulletin23(1), pp.49-52.

Shepherd, C.R. and Shepherd, L.A., 2010. The trade in Viverridae and Prionodontidae in Peninsular Malaysia with notes on conservation and legislation. Small Carnivore Conservation42, pp.27-29.

Phelps J, Webb EL, Bickford D, Nijman V, Sodhi NS 2010. Boosting CITES. Science 330: 1752-1753.  [pdf]

Nekaris KAI, Starr CR, Shepherd CR, Nijman V 2010. Revealing culturally-specific patterns in wildlife trade via an ethnoprimatological approach: a case study of slender and slow lorises (Loris and Nycticebus) in South and Southeast Asia. American Journal of Primatology 72: 877-886.  [pdf]

Nijman V, Shepherd CR. 2010. The role of Asia in the global trade in CITES II-listed poison arrow frogs: hopping from Kazakhstan to Lebanon to Thailand and beyond. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 1963-1970.  [pdf]

Nijman V. 2010. An overview of the international wildlife trade from Southeast Asia. Biodiversity and Conservation 19: 1101-1114.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR 2010. Illegal primate trade in Indonesia exemplified by surveys carried out over a decade in North Sumatra. Endangered Species Research 11: 201-205.  [pdf]

Shepherd CR, Nijman, V. 2008. Trade in bear parts from Myanmar: an illustration of the in-effectiveness of enforcement of international wildlife trade regulations. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 35-42.  [pdf]

Shepherd, C.R., 2008. Civets in trade in Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia (1997–2001) with notes on legal protection. Small Carnivore Conservation38, pp.34-36.

Nijman V, Shepherd CR 2007. Trade in non-native, CITES-listed, wildlife in Asia, as exemplified by the trade in freshwater turtles and tortoises (Chelonidae) in Thailand. Contributions to Zoology 76: 207-211.  [pdf]

Nekaris KAI, Jaffe S 2007. Unexpected diversity of slow lorises (Nycticebus spp.) within the Javan pet trade: implications for slow loris taxonomy. Contributions to Zoology 76187-196.

Shepherd, C.R., 2007. Trade in the black-and-white laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor and white-crested laughingthrush G. leucolophus in Indonesia. Birding Asia8: 49-52.

Shepherd CR 2006. The bird trade in Medan, North Sumatra: an overview. BirdingASIA 516-24.

Nijman, V., 2006. Trade in Bornean gibbons. Gibbon Journal 2: 33-36.

Geissmann, T., Nijman, V. and Dallmann, R., 2006. The fate of diurnal primates in southern Sumatra. Gibbon Journal 2: 18-24.

Shepherd CR 2005. Indonesia and The Philippines meet to curb trade in parrots. TRAFFIC Bulletin, 20: 54.

Shepherd CR 2001. Observations on wildlife trade at Golden Rock, Myanmar. TRAFFIC Bulletin 19: 7-10